Technology and Asylum Procedures

After the COVID-19 pandemic halted many asylum procedures across Europe, fresh technologies are reviving these kinds of systems. Via lie diagnosis tools analyzed at the boundary to a system for validating documents and transcribes interviews, a wide range of technologies is being included in asylum applications. This article explores how these technology have reshaped the ways asylum procedures happen to be conducted. That reveals just how asylum seekers are transformed into obligated hindered techno-users: They are asked to abide by a series of techno-bureaucratic steps also to keep up with unpredictable tiny changes in criteria and deadlines. This obstructs the capacity to run these systems and to follow their right for security.

It also illustrates how these technologies are embedded in refugee governance: They facilitate the 'circuits of financial-humanitarianism’ that function through a whirlwind of dispersed technological requirements. These requirements increase asylum seekers’ socio-legal precarity by hindering these people from getting at the programs of cover. It further argues that analyses of securitization and victimization should be put together with an insight into the disciplinary mechanisms of technologies, through which migrants are turned into data-generating subjects who also are regimented by their reliability on technology.

Drawing on Foucault’s notion of power/knowledge and comarcal understanding, the article states that these technology have an natural obstructiveness. They have a double result: while they help to expedite the asylum method, they also generate it difficult meant for refugees to navigate these systems. They can be positioned in a 'knowledge deficit’ that makes all of them vulnerable to bogus decisions created by non-governmental actors, and ill-informed and unreliable narratives about their instances. Moreover, they will pose new risks of’machine mistakes’ which may result in inaccurate or discriminatory outcomes.

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